Tactile Hallucination - A hallucination involving the perception of being touched or of something being under one's skin. The most common tactile hallucinations are the sensation of electric shocks and formication (the sensation of something creeping or crawling on or under the skin).
Talwin - Pentazocine.
TANF - Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, which is now called OWF in Ohio. This is the block grant authorized by Title IV-A of the Social Security Act under which federal matching funds are provided to states for welfare programs serving families with children; Ohio Works First and the Prevention, Retention, and Contingency programs are TANF programs (42 U.S.C. 601)
TANF Carve-Out Programs - Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs established by the legislature or an executive order issued by the Governor as programs that are separate from the two main TANF programs (OWF and PRC); are administered or supervised by the Department of Job and Family Services.
Tangentiality - Replying to a question in an oblique or irrelevant way. Compare with circumstantiality.
Tangible Personal Property Memorandum - (TPPM) A legal document that is referred to in a will and used to guide the distribution of tangible personal property.
Tardive Dyskinesia - An abnormal involuntary movement disorder which may manifest as lipsmacking bucco-lingual movements or grimacing, truncal movements or athetoid limb movements.
Taste - An archaic method of determining the purity of white powder heroin. With it, the user literally tastes a small amount of the drug; if it is bitter, the sample is assumed to be fairly pure. It fell out of use when the bitter tasting alkaloid quinine became a widely used adulterant. A "taste" can also be a small amount.
Taste-Aversion Learning - A biological constraint on learning in which an organism learns in one trial to avoid a food whose ingestion is followed by illness.
Tax Court of the United States - A judicial body which hears cases concerning federal tax laws.
Tax Offset - May be done by either by the Internal Revenue Service or the Ohio Department of Taxation or both, to intercept and offset the tax refunds of non-custodial parents to collect support arrearages. Also known as tax intercept.
Tax Refund Intercept - an action taken by the Department of Job and Family Services to seize any federal or state income tax refund of an obligor in default under a child support order.
Taxable Income - The income against which tax rates are applied to compute tax paid; gross income of businesses or adjusted gross income of individuals less deductions and exemptions.
Temperament - Constitutional predisposition to react in a particular way to stimuli.
Temporal Lobe - Region of brain found below the lateral fissure; contains auditory cortex.
Temporary Custody - Legal custody of a child who is removed from home that may be terminated at any time at the discretion of the court or, if granted in an agreement for temporary custody, by the person who executed the agreement; terminates after one year unless an extension is granted.
Temporary Relief - Any form of action by a court granting one of the parties an order to protect its interest pending further action by the court.
Temporary Restraining Order - An emergency remedy of brief duration issued by a court only in exceptional circumstances, usually when immediate or irreparable damages or loss might result before the opposition could take action. Often referred to as a TRO.
Tend-and-Befriend Response - A response to stressors that is hypothesized to be typical for females; stressors prompt females to protect their offspring and join social groups to reduce vulnerability.
Tender of Performance - An offer or attempt to do what is required under a contract or under the law.
Terminal Buttons - The bulblike structures at the branched endings of axons that contain vesicles filled with neurotransmitters.
Terminal Insomnia - Awakening before one's usual waking time and being unable to return to sleep.
Termination - The act of ending or concluding. In psychotherapy, termination refers to the mutual agreement between patient and therapist to bring therapy to an end. The idea of termination often occurs to both, but usually it is the therapist who introduces the subject into the session as a possibility to be considered. In psychoanalytic treatment, the patient's reactions are worked through to completion before the treatment ends. The early termination that is characteristic of focal psychotherapy and other forms of brief psychotherapy often requires more extensive work with the feelings of loss and separation.
Termination of Order - The point where the entire child support obligation has been fulfilled and an action has been ordered either administratively or by the court to end any further payments by the obligor.
Testamentary Capacity - The legal ability to make a will.
Testamentary Trust - A trust set up by a will.
Testator - Person who makes a will (Female: Testatrix).
Testimony - Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries. It does not include evidence from documents and other physical evidence.
Testosterone - The male sex hormone, secreted by the testes, that stimulates production of sperm and is also responsible for the development of male secondary sex characteristics.
Test-Retest Reliability - A measure of the correlation between the scores of the same people on the same test given on two different occasions.
Tetrahydrocannabinol - (THC) The major active ingredient in marijuana. It is primarily responsible for producing the high and the rest of the drug's psychoactive effects.
Thalamus - A brain structure that lies between the brain stem and the cortex and acts as a relay to the cortex for almost all sensory inputs and other kinds of information.
Thebaine - An alkaloid of opium used to make several narcotic antagonists as well as codeine.
Thematic Apperception Test - A projective test in which pictures of ambiguous scenes are presented to an individual, who is encouraged to generate stories about them.
Theobromine - A mild stimulant found in tea and cocoa. It is a chemical cousin of caffeine.
Theophylline - A chemical cousin of caffeine that is found in tea.
Theory - An explanation of a set of related concepts or phenomena. Theories are normally verified by scientific research and can be used to make predictions.
Theory of Ecological Optics - A theory of perception that emphasizes the richness of stimulus information and views the perceiver as an active explorer of the environment.
Therapeutic Communities - Communities that provide long-term, residential treatment for drug addiction, offering detoxification, group therapy, and skill acquisition.
Therapeutic Community - A term of British origin, now widely used, for a specially structured mental hospital milieu that encourages patients to function within the range of social norms.
Therapeutic Window - A well-defined range of blood levels associated with optimal clinical response to antidepressant drugs, such as nortriptyline. Levels above or below that range are associated with a poor response.
Think-Aloud Protocols - Reports made by experimental participants of the mental processes and strategies they use while working on a task.
Third Party Complaint - A petition filed by a defendant against a third party (not presently a party to the suit) which alleges that the third party is liable for all or part of the damages plaintiff may win from defendant.
Thought Blocking - The unpleasant experience of having one's train of thought curtailed absolutely, often more a sign than a symptom.
Thought Broadcasting - The delusion that one's thoughts are being broadcast out loud so that they can be perceived by others.
Thought Disorder - A disorder of the form of thought, where associations between ideas are lost or loosened.
Thought Echo - Where thoughts are heard as if spoken aloud, when there is some delay these are known as echo de la pensée and when heard simultaneously, Gedankenlautwerden.
Thought Insertion - The delusion that certain of one's thoughts are not one's own, but rather are inserted into one's mind.
Thought Withdrawal - The experience of thoughts being removed or extracted from one's mind.
Three-Term Contingency - The means by which organisms learn that, in the presence of some stimuli but not others, their behavior is likely to have a particular effect on the environment.
Tic - An involuntary, sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movement or vocalization.
Timbre - The dimension of auditory sensation that reflects the complexity of a sound wave.
Time Limits - The limit on the amount of time that an assistance group may participate in Ohio Works First; the time limit is divided into three components: a 36-month period of initial eligibility, then 24 months of ineligibility, and, finally, 24 months of possible additional eligibility.
Title - Legal ownership of property, usually real property or automobiles.
Title IV-A - (Title Four-A) The Social Security Act title that established Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (42 U.S.C. 601)
Title IV-D Case - (Title Four-D Case) A support order that a child support enforcement agency administers and enforces pursuant to federal law.
Title IV-E - (Title Four-E) A program administered by the Department of Job and Family Services that provides federal matching funds for foster care, transitional independent living, and adoption assistance to children with special needs (42 U.S.C. 670; R.C. 5101.141)
Title XX - (Title Twenty) The Social Security Act title under which states are given block grants to fund social services for such purposes as maintaining economic self-sufficiency, the prevention of neglect, abuse, or exploitation of children and vulnerable adults, and prevention of inappropriate institutional care.
Token Economy - A system involving the application of the principles and procedures of operant conditioning to the management of a social setting such as a ward, classroom, or halfway house. Tokens are given contingent on completion of specified activities and are exchangeable for goods or privileges desired by the patient.
Tolerance - A characteristic of substance dependence that may be shown by the need for markedly increased amounts of the substance to achieve intoxication or the desired effect, by markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of the substance, or by adequate functioning despite doses or blood levels of the substance that would be expected to produce significant impairment in a casual user.
Tolerance - The capacity of the body to become less responsive to a substance with repeated use; the necessity to ingest more of a drug on subsequent episodes to achieve the same effect.
Top-Down Processing - Perceptual processes in which information from an individual's past experience, knowledge, expectations, motivations, and background influence the way a perceived object is interpreted and classified.
Tort - A private or civil wrong or injury for which the court provides a remedy through an action for damages.
Toxic - Poisonous.
Tracks - Repeated needle entry scars along a vein.
Trademark - A word, name, symbol, or devise used by a manufacturer to distinguish his goods from those sold by others.
Traits - Enduring personal qualities or attributes that influence behavior across situations.
Tranquilizers - Depressant drugs that relieve anxiety.
Transcript - A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial, or during some other formal conversation, such as a hearing or oral deposition.
Transdermal Absorption - Absorption through the skin.
Transdermal System - A patch places on the skin that administers a drug at a constant rant.
Transduction - Transformation of one form of energy into another; for example, light is transformed into neural impulses.
Transfer - Any mode or means by which a debtor disposes of or parts with his/her property.
Transfer-Appropriate Processing - The perspective that suggests that memory is best when the type of processing carried out at encoding matches the processes carried out at retrieval.
Transference - The unconscious assignment to others of feelings and attitudes that were originally associated with other people in one's early life.
Transitional Child Care - Publicly funded child care that is available if an assistance group ceases to participate in the Ohio Works First Program and at any time during the subsequent 12-month period both of the following apply: (1) the assistance group requires child care due to employment, and (2) the assistance group's income is not more than 150% of the federal poverty guidelines.
Transitional Object - An object, other than the mother, selected by an infant between 4 and 18 months of age for self-soothing and anxiety-reduction. Examples are a "security blanket" or a toy that helps the infant go to sleep. The transitional object provides an opportunity to master external objects and promotes the differentiation of self from outer world.
Transmittal Form - Form required in certain courts for transmitting documents for filing.
Transporter - A large molecule that straddles the cell membrane of the axon terminals of neurons. It removes neurotransmitter molecules from the synapse by ferrying them back into the axon terminal that released them.
Treatise - A formal and systematic book or writing containing a narrative statement on a field of law.
Treatment Foster Home - A foster home that incorporates special rehabilitative services and receives and cares for children who have emotional or behavioral disturbances, are chemically dependent, have mental retardation or developmental disabilities, or have other exceptional needs.
Trial - A judicial examination of issues between parties to an action.
Trial Brief - A written document prepared for and used by an attorney at trial. It contains the issues to be tried, synopsis of evidence to be presented and case and statutory authority to substantiate the attorney's position at trial.
Tribunal - Any trial court of record in Ohio and when the context requires, a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity of any other state authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage.
Trichotillomania - The pulling out of one's own hair to the point that it is noticeable and causing significant distress or impairment.
Trichromatic Theory - The theory that there are three types of color receptors that produce the primary color sensations of red, green, and blue.
Triggers - Formerly neutral stimuli that have attained the ability to elicit drug craving following repeated pairing with drug use; also called cues.
Trust - A legal device used to manage real or personal property, established by one person (grantor or settlor) for the benefit of another (beneficiary).
Trust Agreement or Declaration - The legal document that sets up a living trust. Testamentary trusts are set up in a will.
Trustee - The person or institution that manages the property put in trust.
Truth in Lending - Statutes which provide that precise and meaningful cost of credit information be provided to the credit customer.
Tussionex - An antitussive that contains hydrocodone.
Two-State Case - A case where the petitioner lives in a different state from that of the respondent.
Type A Behavior Pattern - A complex pattern of behaviors and emotions that includes excessive emphasis on competition, aggression, impatience, and hostility; hostility increases the risk of coronary heart disease.
Type A Family Day-Care Home - A permanent residence of the administrator in which child care or publicly funded child care is provided for seven to twelve children at one time or a permanent residence of the administrator in which child care is provided for four to twelve children at one time if four or more children being cared for at one time are under age two; is licensed by the Department of Job and Family Services.
Type B Behavior Pattern - As compared to Type A behavior pattern, a less competitive, less aggressive, less hostile pattern of behavior and emotion.
Type B Family Day-Care Home - A permanent residence of the provider in which child care is provided for one to six children at one time and in which no more than three children being cared for at one time are under age two; is not required to be licensed, but in order to provide publicly funded child care must meet certain requirements and be certified by the county department of job and family services; lesser requirements must be met for limited certification, which permits publicly funded child care when the children are from one family.
Type C Behavior Pattern - A constellation of behaviors that may predict which individuals are more likely to develop cancer or to have their cancer progress quickly; these behaviors include passive acceptance and self-sacrifice.
Typing Service - A business not authorized to practice law that prepares bankruptcy petitions.