Jamais Vu - An abnormal experience where an individual feels that a routine or familiar event has never happened before. (See Dejà vu).
James-Lange Theory of Emotion - A peripheral-feedback theory of emotion stating that an eliciting stimulus triggers a behavioral response that sends different sensory and motor feedback to the brain and creates the feeling of a specific emotion.
Jigsaw Classrooms - Classrooms that use a technique known as jigsawing, in which each pupil is given part of the total material to master and then share with other group members.
Job Burnout - The syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment, often experienced by workers in high-stress jobs.
Job Search and Readiness Program - A work activity under which Ohio Works First applicants and participants are trained in strategies and skills in obtaining employment and engage in self-directed, job search activities.
Joint Administration - A court-approved mechanism under which two or more cases can be administered together. (Assuming no conflicts of interest, these separate businesses or individuals can pool their resources, hire the same professionals, etc.) - Joint petition - One bankruptcy petition filed by a husband and wife together.
Joint and Several Liability - Means that you agree to be jointly and individual liable for a debt with another person.
Joint Custody - Means that both parent have equal rights to a child following a divorce.
Joint Tenancy - A form of legal co-ownership of property (also known as survivorship). At the death of one co-owner, the surviving co-owner becomes sole owner of the property. Tenancy by the entirety is a special form of joint tenancy between a husband and wife.
Journal Entry / Judgment Entry - A Journal Entry/Judgment Entry is a written document that is signed by a Judge and contains a Judge’s order.
Judge - An official of the Judicial branch with authority to decide lawsuits brought before courts.
Judgeship - The position of judge. By statute, Congress authorizes the number of judgeships for each district and appellate court.
Judgment - (Legal) The official decision of a court of justice upon the respective rights and claims of the parties to an action or suit.
Judgment - (Behavior) The process by which people form opinions, reach conclusions, and make critical evaluations of events and people based on available material; also, the product of that mental activity.
Judgment Debtor - One who owes money as a result of a judgment in favor of a creditor.
Judicial Conference of the United States - The policy-making entity for the federal court system. A 27-judge body whose presiding officer is the Chief Justice of the United States.
Judicial Lien - A lien obtained by judgment or other judicial process against a debtor.
Judicial Review - The authority of a court to review the official actions of other branches of government. Also, the authority to declare unconstitutional the actions of other branches.
Judiciary - The branch of government invested with judicial power to interpret and apply the law; the court system; the body of judges; then bench.
Jurat - Certificate of person and officer before whom a writing is sworn to.
Jurisdiction - The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a certain type of case. It also is used as a synonym for venue, meaning the geographic area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to decide cases.
Jurisprudence - The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
Jury - Group of twelve citizens charged with hearing a court case.
Jury Instructions - A judge's directions to the jury before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply.
Just Noticeable Difference - (JND) The smallest difference between two sensations that allows them to be discriminated.
Justiciable - Issues and claims capable of being properly examined in court.
Juvenile Traffic Offender - A child who violates any traffic law, ordinance, or regulation other than a violation that is required to be handled by a parking violations bureau.