g - According to Spearman, the factor of general intelligence underlying all intelligent performance.
GABA - (gamma-aminobutyric acid) The major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain.
Ganglion Cells - Cells in the visual system that integrate impulses from many bipolar cells in a single firing rate.
Garnishment - A legal proceeding in which a debtor's money, in the possession of another (called the garnishee) is applied to the debts of the debtor, such as when an employer garnishes a debtor's wages.
Gate-Control Theory - A theory about pain modulation that proposes that certain cells in the spinal cord act as gates to interrupt and block some pain signals while sending others on to the brain.
GC/MS - Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. This is a device that is used for many valid application that can also be used to to do drug screening tests.
Gegenhalten - "Active" resistance to passive movement of the extremities that does not appear to be under voluntary control.
Gender - A psychological phenomenon that refers to learned sex-related behaviors and attitudes of males and females.
Gender Dysphoria - A persistent aversion toward some or all of those physical characteristics or social roles that connote one's own biological sex.
Gender Identity - One's sense of maleness or femaleness; usually includes awareness and acceptance of one's biological sex.
Gender Identity - A person's inner conviction of being male or female.
Gender Role - Attitudes, patterns of behavior, and personality attributes defined by the culture in which the person lives as stereotypically "masculine" or "feminine" social roles.
Gender Roles - Sets of behaviors and attitudes associated by society with being male or female and expressed publicly by the individual.
Gene - Strands of DNA that contain the blueprint of all the molecules that make up our bodies.
General Adaption Syndrome - (GAS) The pattern of nonspecific adaptational physiological mechanisms that occurs in response to continuing threat by almost any serious stressor.
General Assistance - A former program that provided cash and medical assistance to low-income individuals, including able-bodied adults without dependents.
General Jurisdiction - Refers to courts that have no limit on the types of criminal and civil cases they may hear.
Generalist Practice - The ability to assess issues of practice from a broad perspective, and to exercise the necessary skills and knowledge to intervene at multiple levels, and in a range of situations. Generalist problem solving-approach consists of the following steps: interaction and engagement, assessment, planning, implementation of direct and indirect practice actions, evaluation, and termination.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder - An anxiety disorder in which an individual feels anxious and worried most of the time for at least six months when not threatened by any specific danger or object.
Generativity - A commitment beyond one's self and one's partner to family, work, society, and future generations; typically, a crucial step in development in one's 30s and 40s.
Genes - The biological units of heredity; discrete sections of chromosomes responsible for transmission of traits.
Genetic Testing - A procedure to establish a likelihood that the putative or alleged father is or is not the biological father of a child.
Genetics - The study of the inheritance of physical and psychological traits from ancestors.
Genocide - The systematic destruction of one group of people, often an ethnic or racial group, by another.
Genotype - The genetic structure an organism inherits from its parents.
Gestalt Psychology - A school of psychology that maintains that psychological phenomena can be understood only when viewed as organized, structured wholes, not when broken down into primitive perceptual elements.
Gestalt Therapy - Therapy that focuses on ways to unite mind and body to make a person whole.
Glia - The cells that hold neurons together and facilitate neural transmission, remove damaged and dead neurons, and prevent poisonous substances in the blood from reaching the brain.
Glial Cells - Tiny brain cells that support neurons by performing a variety of "housekeeping" functions in the brain.
Globalization - The increasing interaction and interdependence of countries in international economic, technological, and cultural realms, leading to shifts in social policy, social justice, and power distribution, often to the detriment of vulnerable and oppressed populations.
Globus Hystericus - The disturbing sensation of a lump in the throat.
Glossolalia - Gibberish-like speech or "speaking in tongues."
Glucose - A simple sugar that the brain uses as its major source of energy.
Glutamate - The most common excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain.
Goal-Directed Selection - A determinant of why people select some parts of sensory input for further processing; it reflects the choices made as a function of one's own goals.
Golden Crescent - An important area in the production of opium. It encompasses Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan.
Golden Triangle - An important area in the production of opium. It encompasses Thailand, northern Laos, and eastern Burma.
Good Cause - Findings by the IV-D agency that a recipient is excused from an obligation to facilitate establishment of child support and enforcement efforts.
Good Faith - This means to act honestly and without deception
Good Time - A reduction in sentenced time in prison as a reward for good behavior. It usually is one third to one half of the maximum sentence.
Government Printing Office - The federal agency in charge of printing, binding, and selling of all government communications.
Grand Jury - Is a group of civilians convened to determine whether or not a criminal case has enough merit to proceed to trial
Grandiose Delusion - A delusion of inflated worth, power, knowledge, identity, or special relationship to a deity or famous person.
Grandiosity - An inflated appraisal of one's worth, power, knowledge, importance, or identity. When extreme, grandiosity may be of delusional proportions.
Grant Agreement - a required agreement between the Director of Job and Family Services and a board of county commissioners for a grant award for one or more family services duties.
Grantor - The person who establishes a trust on behalf of the beneficiaries
Grievance - In labor law a complaint filed by an employee regarding working conditions to be resolved by procedural machinery provided in the union contract. An injury, injustice, or wrong which gives ground for complaint.
Ground - The backdrop or background areas of the visual field, against which figures stand out.
Group Dynamics - The study of how group processes change individual functioning.
Group Polarization - The tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extreme than the decisions that would be made by the members acting alone.
Groupthink - The tendency of a decision-making group to filter out undesirable input so that a consensus may be reached, especially if it is in line with the leader's viewpoint.
Guarantee - A legal agreement under which a person agrees to guarantee the obligations of another
Guarantor - The person who provide a guarantee on behalf of another
Guardian - A person appointed by will or by law to assume responsibility for incompetent adults or minor children. If a parent dies, this will usually be the other parent. If both die, it probably will be a close relative.
Guardian - a person, association, or corporation that is granted authority by a probate court pursuant to the Guardians and Conservatorships Law to exercise parental rights over a child to the extent provided in the court's order and subject to the residual parental rights of the child's parents.
Guardian Ad Litem - A person who is appointed by the court to protect the interest of a child in any proceeding concerning an alleged abused, neglected, or dependent child and in any proceeding concerning an alleged or adjudicated delinquent child or unruly child when either the child has no parent, guardian, or legal custodian or the court finds that there is a conflict of interest between the child and the parent, guardian, or legal custodian; in certain circumstances a guardian ad litem must be appointed to protect a parent's interest.
Guardianship - Legal right given to a person to be responsible for the food, housing, health care, and other necessities of a person deemed incapable of providing these necessities for himself or herself.
Guided Search - In visual perception, a parallel search of the environment for single, basic attributes that guides attention to likely locations of objects with more complex combinations of attributes.
Guidelines for Child Support - The schedule which takes into account parents' incomes and deductions for establishment of a monthly monetary child support obligation.
Gustatory Hallucination - A hallucination involving the perception of taste (usually unpleasant).