Face Sheet Filing - A bankruptcy case filed either without schedules or with incomplete schedules listing few creditors and debts.
Face Validity - The degree to which test items appear to be directly related to the attribute the researcher wishes to measure.
FACSIS - (Family and Children Services Information System) A statewide automated child welfare information system that is maintained by the Department of Job and Family Services. This will be replaced by SACWIS when that system is fully operational.
Fair Market Value - The value for which a reasonable seller would sell an item of property and for which a reasonable buyer would buy it.
False Arrest - Any unlawful physical restraint of another's personal liberty, whether or not carried out by a peace officer.
False Pretenses - Representation of some fact or circumstance which is not true and is calculated to mislead, whereby a person obtains another's money or goods.
Family Law - Those areas of the law pertaining to families, i.e., marriage, divorce, child custody, juvenile, paternity, etc.
Family or Household Member - As used in domestic violence-related laws, any of the following who is residing or has resided with a person accused of domestic violence (alleged violator): (1) a spouse, a person living as a spouse, or a former spouse of the alleged violator, (2) a parent or a child of the alleged violator or another person related by consanguinity or affinity to the alleged violator, (3) a parent or child of a (a) spouse, (b) person living as a spouse, or (c) former spouse of the alleged violator or another person related by consanguinity or affinity to a (a) spouse, (b) person living as a spouse, or (c) former spouse of the alleged violator, or (4) the natural parent of any child of whom the alleged violator is the other natural parent or is the putative other natural parent.
Family Support Services - A county program operated with state and federal funds for making payments to individuals with developmental disabilities or their families for care that is provided to promote self-sufficiency and prevent institutionalization, including such services as respite care; counseling, training, and education for family members in providing proper care; special diets; and home modifications.
Fantasy - An imagined sequence of events or mental images (e.g., daydreams) that serves to express unconscious conflicts, to gratify unconscious wishes, or to prepare for anticipated future events.
Fault - To be at “fault” means that you are to blame for something
Fear - A rational reaction to an objectively identified external danger that may induce a person to flee or attack in self-defense.
Federal Bureau of Investigation - A federal agency which investigates all violations of federal laws.
Federal Case Registry - A computerized Federal System in which all child support cases in all states are entered and tracked. This registry includes the Federal Parent Locator Service (FPLS) and the National Directory of New Hires.
Federal Communications Commission - A federal agency which regulates interstate and foreign communications by wire and radio.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation - An agency which insures deposits in banking institutions in the event of financial failure.
Federal Employer Identification Number - Unique nine digit number assigned to all employers by the Internal Revenue Services (IRS), which must be used in numerous transactions, including submitting data and responding to requests relevant to child support.
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service - An agency which provides mediators to assist in labor-management disputes.
Federal Public Defender - An attorney employed by the federal courts on a full-time basis to provide legal defense to defendants who are unable to afford counsel. The judiciary administers the federal defender program pursuant to the Criminal Justice Act.
Federal Public Defender Organization - As provided for in the Criminal Justice Act, an organization established within a federal judicial circuit to represent criminal defendants who cannot afford an adequate defense. Each organization is supervised by a federal public defender appointed by the court of appeals for the circuit.
Federal Question Jurisdiction - Jurisdiction given to federal courts in cases involving the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution, acts of Congress, and treaties.
Federal Register - A daily publication which contains federal administrative rules and regulations.
Fee Simple Absolute - The most complete, unlimited form of ownership of real property.
Felony - A serious crime, usually punishable by at least one year in prison. Under federal law any offense punishable by death or imprisonment for a term exceeding one year.
Fentanyl - An extremely potent opioid, roughly 100 times as powerful as morphine.
FFCCSOA - (Full Faith and Credit for Child Support Orders Act 1996) The Act provides that a state must honor an order or judgment entered in another state.
Fiduciary - A person or institution who manages money or property for another and who must exercise a standard care imposed by law, i.e., personal representative or executor of an estate, a trustee, etc.
Fiduciary Duty - This is where you have an obligation to act in the best interest of a third party
Fields of Practice - The diverse range of social work practice settings of the profession, including, but not limited to, mental health, healthcare, school social work, gerontology, international/global social work, occupational social work, child and family services, and criminal justice.
Fifth Amendment - Among other rights, the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees that a person cannot be compelled to present self-incriminating testimony in a criminal proceeding.
Fight-or-Flight Response - An automatic response of our body that prepares us to act to save ourselves when we become excited or scared.
Figure - Object-like regions of the visual field that are distinguished from background.
File - To place a paper in the official custody of the clerk of court to enter into the files or records of a case.
Filing Fee - The fee required for filing various documents.
Finding - Formal conclusion by a judge or regulatory agency on issues of fact. Also, a conclusion by a jury regarding a fact.
Fine - Punishment imposed for an offence
First Rank Symptoms - Schneider classified the most characteristic symptoms of schizophrenia as first-rank features of schizophrenia. These included third person auditory hallucinations, thought echo, thought interference (insertion, withdrawal, and broadcasting), delusional perception and passivity phenomena.
Five-Factor Model - A comprehensive descriptive personality system that maps out the relationships among common traits, theoretical concepts, and personality scales; informally called the Big Five.
Fixation - A state in which a person remains attached to objects or activities more appropriate for an earlier stage of psychosexual development.
Fixed-Interval Schedule - A schedule of reinforcement in which a reinforcer is delivered for the first response made after a fixed period of time.
Fixed-Ratio Schedule - A schedule of reinforcement in which a reinforcer is delivered for the first response made after a fixed number of responses.
Flashback - A recurrence of a memory, feeling, or perceptual experience from the past.
Flat Affect - An affect type that indicates the absence of signs of affective expression.
Flight of Ideas - In mania and hypomania thoughts become pressured and ideas may race from topic to topic, guided sometimes only by rhymes or puns.
Flooding - A therapy for phobias in which clients are exposed, with their permission, to the stimuli most frightening to them.
Fluid Intelligence - The aspect of intelligence that involves the ability to see complex relationships and solve problems.
Folie à Deux - A shared psychotic disorder between 2 people, usually people who are mutually dependent upon each other.
Food and Drug Administration - A federal agency which sets safety and quality standards for food, drugs, cosmetics, and household substances.
Foreclosure - Occurs when a borrower cannot repay their debts and the creditor forecloses and sells the property – such as a house
Forfeiture - A cancellation. A legal action whereby a contract purchaser following default loses all his interest in the property.
Formal Assessment - The systematic procedures and measurement instruments used by trained professionals to assess an individual's functioning, aptitudes, abilities, or mental states.
Formal Thought Disorder - An inexact term referring to a disturbance in the form of thinking rather than to abnormality of content. See blocking; loosening of associations; poverty of speech.
Formication - The tactile hallucination or illusion that insects are crawling on the body or under the skin.
Foster Home - A private residence in which children are received apart from their parents, guardian, or legal custodian by an individual who is reimbursed for providing nonsecure care, supervision, or training 24 hours a day, not including baby-sitting care.
Foundational Theories - Frameworks for initial understanding formulated by children to explain their experiences of the world.
Fourteenth Amendment - Among other matters, the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits states from depriving any person of life, liberty, or property without adequate due process.
Fourth Amendment - The 4th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects every person against unreasonable search and seizure by government officials.
Fovea - Area of the retina that contains densely packed cones and forms the point of sharpest vision.
Fragmentation - Separation into different parts, or preventing their integration, or detaching one or more parts from the rest. A fear of fragmentation of the personality, also known as disintegration anxiety, is often observed in patients whenever they are exposed to repetitions of earlier experiences that interfered with development of the self.
Frame - A particular description of a choice; the perspective from which a choice is described or framed affects how a decision is made and which option is ultimately exercised.
Franchise - A business relationship whereby the owner of a business licenses others to use the name of his business
Fraud - A false representation of a matter of fact which is intended to deceive another.
Fraudulent Transfer - A transfer of a debtor's property made with intent to defraud or for which the debtor receives less than the transferred property's value.
Free Association - The therapeutic method in which a patient gives a running account of thoughts, wishes, physical sensations, and mental images as they occur.
Free Will - Our ability to make choices and decisions that are not under the control of outside forces or prior causes.
Frequency Distribution - A summary of how frequently each score appears in a set of observations.
Frequency Theory - The theory that a tone produces a rate of vibration in the basilar membrane equal to its frequency, with the result that pitch can be coded by the frequency of the neural response.
Fresh Start - The characterization of a debtor's status after bankruptcy, i.e., free of most debts. (Giving debtors a fresh start is one purpose of the Bankruptcy Code.)
Frontal Lobe - Region of the brain located above the lateral fissure and in front of the central sulcus; involved in motor control and cognitive activities.
Frontal Lobe Syndrome - This follows frontal lobe damage or may be consequent upon a lesion such as a tumour of infarction. There is a lack judgement, a coarsening of personality, disinhibition, pressure of speech, lack of planning ability, and sometimes apathy. Perseveration and a return of the grasp reflex may occur.
Frotteurism - One of the paraphilias, consisting of recurrent, intense sexual urges involving touching and rubbing against a nonconsenting person; common sites in which such activities take place are crowded trains, buses, and elevators. Fondling the victim may be part of the condition and is called toucherism.
Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis - According to this hypothesis, frustration occurs in situations in which people are prevented or blocked from attaining their goals; a rise in frustration then leads to a greater probability of aggression.
Full Faith and Credit - Recognizing other states' child support related actions as legal and enforceable determinations in Ohio.
Functional Fixedness - An inability to perceive a new use for an object previously associated with some other purpose; adversely affects problem solving and creativity.
Functional MRI - A brain imaging technique that combines benefits of both MRI and PET scans by detecting magnetic changes in the flow of blood to cells in the brain.
Functionalism - The perspective on mind and behavior that focuses on the examination of their functions in an organism's interactions with the environment.
Fundamental Attribution Error - The dual tendency of observers to underestimate the impact of situational factors and to overestimate the influence of dispositional factors on a person's behavior.
Fusion - The union and integration of the instincts and drives so that they complement each other and help the organism to deal effectively with both internal needs and external demands.